Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018, Page: 6-8
Nursing Education in Pakistan, Trends and Challenges of Future
Afsha Awalkhan, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Nasreen Ghani, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Received: Aug. 19, 2017;       Accepted: Nov. 11, 2017;       Published: Feb. 2, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.her.20180301.12      View  1394      Downloads  69
Nursing profession is the key partner of health care industry which going through transformational changes considering diverse needs arise from the society and population in which it should be practiced. A diverse complex of political, economic, socio-cultural and environmental factor is directly affect profession through numerous routes. Therefore, existing status along with trends and challenges should be consider while planning future direction of nursing education in Pakistan.
Nursing, Higher Education, Trends, Challenges
To cite this article
Afsha Awalkhan, Nasreen Ghani, Nursing Education in Pakistan, Trends and Challenges of Future, Higher Education Research. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 6-8. doi: 10.11648/j.her.20180301.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
WHO. Strategic Directions for Strengthening Nursing and Midwifery Services [Internet]. 2002. Available from: http://www.wpro.who.int/hrh/about/nursing_midwifery/strategic_directions_for_strengthening_nursing_and_midwifery_services.pdf
WHO. European strategic directions for strengthening nursing and midwifery towards Health 2020 goals [Internet]. 2015. Available from: www.euro.who.int/.../health.../Health.../nursing-and-midwifery/.../european-strategic-...%0A
Stewart MW, Nugent KE, Elliott RW, Masters K. CHAPTER 5 Social Context of Professional Nursing. :137–72.
Lamadah SM, Sayed HY. Challenges Facing Nursing Profession in Saudi Arabia. 2014;4(7):20–5.
HEYDARI A, MAZLOUM SR, MOONAGHI HK, MOJALLI M, SHAHIDI LH, ARESHTANAB HN. Educational challenges ahead of nursing from the perspective of faculty members of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. J Adv Med&Prof. 2013;1(5):4–7.
UNESCO. Higher Education in Asia : Expanding Out, Higher Education in Asia : Expanding Out, Expanding Up. 2014.
Khodaveisi M, Pazargadi M, Yaghmaei F, Bikmoradi A. Identifying challenges for effective evaluation in nursing education : A qualitative study. J Res Med Sci. 2012;(July).
Ralph N, Birks M, Chapman Y, Francis K. Future-Proofing Nursing Education : An Australian Perspective. 2014.
Khan A, Ghani N, Badsha A. Future Directions of Nursing Education in Pakistan. Escalat Res [Internet]. 2015;4(2). Available from: http://aeirc-edu.com/wp-content/uploads/AERV4I207.pdf
Khan A. Time to call for quality assurance in Nursing Education of Pakistan. 2016;5(1):13–5.
WHO. Global strategic directions for strengthening nursing and midwifery 2016–2020 [Internet]. 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/hrh/nursing_midwifery/global-strategic-midwifery2016-2020.pdf
Heller BR, Oros MT, Durney-crowley J. The Future of Nursing Education : Ten Trends to Watch.
NACNEP. Addressing New Challenges Facing Nursing Education: Solutions for a Transforming Healthcare Environment [Internet]. 2010. Available from: https://www.hrsa.gov/advisorycommittees/bhpradvisory/nacnep/Reports/eighthreport.pdf
IOM. The Future of Nursing Leading Change, Advancing Health [Internet]. National Academies Press (US); 2011. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24983041
Browse journals by subject